Effective Search Tips
Many people waste a lot of time "searching" on the Internet.
Follow these simple steps to focus your search activities, and become much more efficient
in doing a search.
I recommend that you follow a structured technique such as:
|1. Spell it Out|
Spell-out the subject you are searching for. Write down any buzzwords, acronyms and abbreviations. Be sure the think about the "who" associated with your subject. Who would be likely to produce or publish the information you are seeking? Is there a well-known expert, university or association that specializes in your subject. The words you write down become the basis for keyword searches later on. For example; a search for cancer treatment information might involve the following terms; cancer, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, melanoma, oncology, NCI ("National Cancer Institute"), AMA ("American Medical Association"), etc.
|2. Strategize - Choose your approach, which online resources, tools|
Consciously decide what are the best online tools to use for each of your specific search terms. This requires that you understand are different strengths and weaknesses of the various online tools. For more information, see my overview of search tools.
|3. Search - Get online, execute, stay focused, use advanced search features|
Your search results depend greatly on how you phrase your keywords. First, be sure you asking the appropriate level of detail for the specific tool you are using (general words at Yahoo, obscure words and specific phrases at Alta-Vista). You can focus your results when you take the time to read the help file and construct a more specific query. Consider these tips for Alta-Vista:
Alta-Vista returns web pages which :
|gigabit||contain the word "gigabit"|
|gigabit testbed||contain the word "gigabit" or "testbed" (either one or both)|
|gigabit +testbed||must contain the word "testbed", may or may not contain the word "gigabit"|
|+gigabit +testbed||must contain "gigabit" and "testbed" (very useful)|
|"gigabit testbed"||must contain the phrase "gigabit testbed" (very useful)|
|+gigabit +testbed -atm||must contain "gigabit" and "testbed", and not the word "atm"|
|gigabit host:.gov||must contain the word "gigabit", and be hosted on a .gov website|
|link:.whitehouse.gov||contain a hyperlink to the whitehouse web site|
Other tips to consider when using a search engine:
|4. Sift - Filter the results, Follow the leads|
You may be presented with many search results and potential leads. Stop and read, before you click and waste time. Scroll up and down the entire page, and determine which are the most promising links based on the descriptions. Before you click on a link, hover over over the link, and read the link's URL in the browser's feedback area (at the bottom of the screen). You will be surprised how many dead-end links you will avoid just by reading their URLs first. Finally, If you see 2 or more interesting links to pursue, go ahead and explore all of them simultaneously by following these steps:
As you look through the search results, you should also be taking notes of new information that you will use in future iterations of your search.
When you discover a great site, be sure to save this discovery, or you are doomed to repeat the search all over again. Methods of saving include:
Summary - Take the time to think about your searches, otherwise you can waste a lot of time .
Brought to you by Russ Haynal
Note: This page = http://navigators.com/search_tips.html